By Bruce Riedel
Pakistan and the U.S. were locked in a perilous include for many years. Successive American presidents from either events have pursued slim non permanent pursuits within the South Asian kingdom, and lots of of the ensuing regulations proved counterproductive within the long-term, contributing to political instability and a radicalized public. This historical past has helped set the degree for the worldwide jihad confronting a lot of the area today.
In Deadly Embrace, Bruce Riedel explores the forces at the back of those advancements, explaining how and why the historical past of Pakistan-U.S. kinfolk has spread out because it has. He explains what the us can do now to fix the wear and the way it may well keep away from making comparable errors in facing extremist forces in Pakistan and beyond.
Riedel is one among America's most desirable specialists on U.S. safety, South Asia, and terrorism, and he helped to craft President Obama's 2009 speech touching on the Pakistan-Afghanistan borderlands because the ''most risky zone of the world.'' He follows up The look for al Qaeda, his influential 2008 research of the fear network's ideology and management, with a sober, authoritative, and infrequently alarming examine the background, value, and present position of Pakistan, epicenter of the worldwide jihad circulation, starting with the heritage of U.S.-Pakistan kinfolk because the partitioning of the subcontinent in 1947.
The courting among Pakistan and the United States is an engaging but muddled tale, meandering via classes of friendship and enmity, symbiosis and mistrust: it is no ask yourself that individuals in either countries are pressured. Deadly Embrace explains how the USA, on numerous events, truly helped the foes of democracy in Pakistan and aided within the improvement of the very enemies it's now scuffling with within the zone. The ebook seeks to resolve this paradox, revealing and studying the tortuous course of kinfolk among very varied countries, which stay, in lots of methods, caught with every one other.
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Additional info for Deadly Embrace: Pakistan, America, and the Future of the Global Jihad
41 Azzam played an inspirational role in the creation of an important organization back in Palestine as well: Harakat al-Muqawamat al-Â�IslamÂ�Â�iyyah (Hamas), meaning Islamic Resistance Movement. Founded in 1987, the group to this day regards Azzam as one of its key ideological influences. S. 47 Among the less well-known figures who responded to Azzam’s call is Abu Mus’ad al-Suri, a Syrian who would train in the ISI and mujahedin camps and then author some of the most important ideological books of the modern Islamic jihad.
Q. Khan, summed up the nation’s mood: “I was in Belgium in 1971, when the Pakistani army surrendered in the then East Pakistan and faced utmost humiliation. Hindus and Sikhs were beating them with shoes, and their heads were being shaved in the concentration camps. indd 16 11/29/10 9:28 AM chapter two Zia’s Jihad The director’s conference room on the seventh floor of Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) headquarters in Langley, Virginia, was well known to me. Over the course of a decade, I had spent hours in this richly paneled windowless room, seated in one of two dozen chairs surrounding the large table that dominated it, or in one of many more placed along the walls for backbenchers.
The JKLF was much more sympathetic to Kashmiri independence than to union with Pakistan. It was also reluctant at first to accept ISI help, but Akhtar opened talks with its members in 1984, and by 1987 JKLF militants were also present in the ISI training camps. The American Connection Relations between Pakistan and the United States had cooled considerably during the 1970s, after the debacle of Nixon’s tilt toward Yahya Khan. indd 26 11/29/10 9:28 AM zia ’ s jihadâ•‡ /â•‡ 27 moved the country closer to China and, as mentioned earlier, began seeking a nuclear deterrent.
Deadly Embrace: Pakistan, America, and the Future of the Global Jihad by Bruce Riedel