Chemical Reactor Design by Peter Harriott PDF

By Peter Harriott

ISBN-10: 0824708814

ISBN-13: 9780824708818

Analyzes ideas and strategies for the review, evaluate, and optimization of reactors within the production, chemical, petrochemical, and nutrients processing industries. Illustrates functional layout systems, cost equations, and analytical types for more desirable reactor functionality.

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Sample text

C2 H5 Cl ! 5 The thermal reaction H2 þ Br2 ! 2HBr is thought to proceed by the chain mechanism given here, with appropriate rate constants at 800 K. 114 g M ¼ monomer concentration. 07 1 M þ Br2 À! 2Br þ M 2 Br þ H2 À! HBr þ H 3 H þ Br2 À! HBr þ Br 4 H þ HBr À! Br2 þ M a. b. 39 at 800 K k1 ¼ 1:6 L-moleÀ1 secÀ1 k2 ¼ 1:2 Â 106 L-moleÀ1 secÀ1 k3 ¼ 7:1 Â 1010 L-moleÀ1 secÀ1 k4 ¼ 8:5 Â 109 L-moleÀ1 secÀ1 k5 ¼ 109 L2 -moleÀ2 secÀ1 For an equal-molar mixture of H2 and Br2 at 1 atm and 800 K, calculate the steady-state concentration of bromine atoms and compare with the concentration of bromine molecules.

32) does not satisfy the equilibrium requirement because of the different exponents in the denominator terms. A consistent equation is obtained if the reverse reaction is assumed to require a vacant site. : 1À ¼ 1 1 þ KA PA þ KB PB þ KC PC ð2:33Þ The reverse reaction rate and overall rate are r2 ¼ k2 C ð1 À Þ r¼ ð2:34Þ k1 KA PA KB PB ð1 þ KA PA þ KB PB þ KC PC Þ2 The overall rate equation now has the same denominator for both forward and reverse terms, and the equilibrium requirement is met.

Data for a commercial SO2 oxidation catalyst were correlated with this equation [8]:     ! PSO3 2 PSO2 1=2 PO2 À r¼k ð2:35Þ PSO3 KPSO2 It is apparent that SO3 inhibits the forward reaction, but the rate certainly does À not become Áinfinite at PSO3 ¼ 0. An equation with a denominator term of 1 þ KSO3 PSO3 would avoid this problem.

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Chemical Reactor Design by Peter Harriott

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