By Lionel Knight
‘Britain in India, 1858–1947’ seeks to track the final ninety years of British rule within the gentle of contemporary old debates. the quantity examines the ambiguities of British rule that from the post-Mutiny cost: the tensions among an authoritarian forms and the promise of a liberal imaginative and prescient of the longer term, and among imperial pursuits and the starting to be coordination of Indian aspirations for self-rule. the quantity analyses those tensions on the subject of modern old debates, and lines them via altering diplomacy and global wars to Indian independence and partition in 1947.
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Additional info for Britain in India, 1858-1947
Misunderstandings with Calcutta frustrated the new approach which was later unveiled with the restoration of the Maharaja Chamrajendra Wadeyar at the Rendition of Mysore in 1881. Mysore was to be the Model State. Here the Instrument of Transfer spelled out the form of government, including a nominated Representative Assembly and numerous British entitlements including the right to intervene in the case of any unilateral changes by the Mysore government. The title of Empress of India, assumed 1 January 1877, came from England and from the Queen herself.
Lawrence’s school of ‘masterly inactivity’ stood for vigilant non-interference both across the north-west frontier and in the states so long as local rulers observed treaties and the obligations of good government. The Queen’s Proclamation had declared that all treaties and agreements would be respected. By the mid-1860s they had become available in C. U. 27 However, Lawrence’s legal approach to the states could not provide clear-cut policy guidance. Only 40 actually had treaties with the Company.
The Indian government had an invasion plan ready and Salisbury and Lord Randolph Churchill (Secretary of State, 1885–86) ordered Dufferin to move 10,000 troops to Rangoon before the ultimatum was delivered on 30 October 1885. Unprepared, the Burmese were defeated in a fortnight. Should Britain create a client state or annex? Dufferin hesitated; he had recent experience in Egypt of the difficulties of running a protectorate. Annexation was pushed through from London. Its announcement in the Queen’s speech of 12 January 1886 was in time to pre-empt the Liberals, who returned to office at the end of the month.
Britain in India, 1858-1947 by Lionel Knight