By Virendra S. Bisaria, Akihiko Kondo
This booklet offers the imaginative and prescient of a profitable biorefinery—the lignocelluloic biomass has to be successfully switched over to its constituent monomers, comprising frequently of sugars comparable to glucose, xylose, mannose and arabinose. for that reason, the 1st a part of the e-book bargains with features an important for the pretreatment and hydrolysis of biomass to provide sugars in excessive yield, in addition to the final features of bioprocessing applied sciences with a view to let the advance of biorefineries via inputs of metabolic engineering, fermentation, downstream processing and formula. the second one a part of the booklet supplies the present prestige and destiny instructions of the organic strategies for creation of ethanol (a biofuel in addition to a major commodity uncooked material), solvents (butanol, isobutanol, butanediols, propanediols), natural acids (lactic acid, 3-hydroxy propionic acid, fumaric acid, succinic acid and adipic acid), and amino acid (glutamic acid). the industrial creation of a few of those commodity bioproducts within the close to destiny can have a much achieving impact in knowing our target of sustainable conversion of those renewable assets and understanding the concept that of biorefinery.
Suitable for researchers, practitioners, graduate scholars and specialists in biochemical/ bioprocess engineering, commercial microbiology, bioprocess know-how, metabolic engineering, environmental technology and effort, the booklet offers:
• Exemplifies the applying of metabolic engineering ways for improvement of microbial cellphone factories
• Provides a special standpoint to the concerning the clinical difficulties and their attainable strategies in creating a bioprocess paintings for advertisement creation of commodity bioproducts
• Discusses the processing of renewable assets, similar to plant biomass, for mass construction of commodity chemical compounds and liquid fuels to satisfy our ever- expanding demands
• Encourages sustainable eco-friendly applied sciences for the usage of renewable resources
• deals well timed recommendations to assist deal with the power challenge as non-renewable fossil oil will quickly be unavailable
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Extra info for Bioprocessing of Renewable Resources to Commodity Bioproducts
1987). Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future Chapter 2; Transmitted to the General Assembly as an Annex to document A/42/427. htm. Vennestrøm PNR, Osmundsen CM, Christensen CH, Taarning E. (2011). Beyond petrochemicals: the renewable chemicals industry. Angew Chem Int Ed, 50, 10502–10509. Wagemann K, Benzig T, B¨ohland T, Fritsche UR, Fr¨ohling M, Gr¨ongr¨oft A. (2012). Roadmap Bioraffinerien. pdf. Wang Y, Pengzhan Liu SO, Zhang Z. (2007). Preparation of biodiesel from waste cooking oil via two-step catalyzed process.
By wet fractionation, a fiber-rich press cake and a nutrient-rich green juice is obtained. 4 Characteristics of the Syngas Biorefinery Advantages Disadvantages The gasification of charcoal is well established and works in large scales, the expertise of this process can be translated to biomass gasification Raw material for biomass gasification are available by using waste materials from agriculture and forestry, it does not interfere with food and feed production The chemical conversion and refining of syngas to Fischer–Tropsch diesel fuel, wax, methane, ethanol, and other specialty chemicals is established Complete (holistic) utilization of all biomass components Large scale plants have a high raw material demand Construction of industrial scale facilities is cost intensive The potential variety of products is not exploited yet Biotechnological conversion of syngas to fermentation products is still in the research and development phase Supply of raw material at a moderate price has to be secured Source: Adapted from Wagemann et al.
Rodolfi L, Chini Zittelli G, Bassi N, Padovani G, Biondi N, Bonini G, Tredici MR. (2009). Microalgae for oil: Strain selection, induction of lipid synthesis and outdoor mass cultivation in a low-cost photobioreactor. Biotechnol Bioeng, 102, 100–112. Sacramento-Rivero JC. (2012). A methodology for evaluating the sustainability of biorefineries: framework and indicators. Biof Bioprod Bioref, 6, 32–44. Scott SA, Davey MP, Dennis JS, Horst I, Howe CJ, Lea-Smith DJ, Smith AG. (2010). Biodiesel from algae: challenges and prospects.
Bioprocessing of Renewable Resources to Commodity Bioproducts by Virendra S. Bisaria, Akihiko Kondo