By Gary M. Jones and A. Conrad K. Ozóg (Editors)
In line with a convention held in Brunei in December in 1991 on bilingualism and nationwide improvement, this publication positive aspects papers from various elements of the globe, and from either the built and constructing international. They exhibit how drastically the function of bilingualism varies within the improvement of the country.
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Additional resources for Bilingualism and National Development
The very process is put in train by those who have the power to do so, and these are not necessarily the people who would be nominated by disinterested observers. To repeat, language planning can be in the service of the few. < previous page page_34 next page > < previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 We might consider Kedourie's observation here (I have cited it quite frequently, but it is worth repeating again): It is absurd to think that professors of linguistics . . can do the work of statesmen and soldiers.
According to Brown (1970), the policies of the Brunei Malays actually promoted the merging of the ethnic groups and cultural assimilation under the 'Malay' umbrella by 'draining off potential leaders . . , through the simple expediency of converting such leaders to Islam' (Brown, 1970:4). It is evident that for many of the small groups over the last half century there has been a convergence towards coastal Malay culture. Even in situations where cultural practices of these groups still exist, they are becoming unrecognisable from those of earlier generations.
Although I would be the last person to say that a group's identity (or national solidarity) cannot survive communicative language shift, it seems obvious that retention of a < previous page page_30 next page > < previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 strong original variety is a major bulwark. As well, there is the not inconsequential matter of popular perceptions that language essentially equals identity. The nineteenth-century Irish nationalist, Thomas Davis, said that 'a people without a language of its own is only half a people' (1914:2), and this sentiment is expressed in many aphorisms across many global contexts.
Bilingualism and National Development by Gary M. Jones and A. Conrad K. Ozóg (Editors)