By Nikki Kazimova
For Westerners, the fashionable nation of Azerbaijan can be difficult to pinpoint. This small, oil-rich nation within the southern Caucasus, at the southwestern shore of the Caspian Sea, in simple terms made its approach directly to the modern global map after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. because the global shrinks and pageant for worthy assets intensifies, the course this strategically and economically very important kingdom takes will have an effect on us all. The traditionally tolerant and pluralist Azeri humans have an historic heritage and a wealthy tradition. Azerbaijan lay at the course of the good Silk highway, the exchange community that hooked up China with Europe, and its humans have lived via centuries of conquests by means of diverse imperial powers. It used to be additionally positioned within the center of the good video game, the fight for keep an eye on of principal Asia performed out among Russia and the West on the activate the 19th century, which appears to be like facing a contemporary remake. Azerbaijan has been referred to as “the indispensable borderland, repeatedly over: among Europe and Asia, Islam and Christianity, Russia and the center East, Turks and Iranians, Shi’a and Sunni Islam.” Azerbaijan used to be in brief self sustaining after the 1st international battle, while it used to be the 1st Muslim nation to undertake innovative Western values. A democratic republic with complete women’s suffrage, it boasted the 1st women’s highschool, the 1st opera, and the 1st girl opera composer, in addition to the 1st ballet within the Muslim global. There seventy years of Soviet rule. After a sour warfare in 1991–94, components of Azerbaijan have been occupied by means of neighboring Armenia, and the rustic has absorbed an enormous variety of refugees. while, it's experiencing a brand new oil increase and the economic climate is becoming. one of the humans, there's a transforming into experience of nationwide identification. tradition shrewdpermanent! Azerbaijan appears to be like on the many elements of this identification and explains the advanced workings of Azerbaijani society. it's going to equip you with important details and suggestion concerning the customs, practices, and sensibilities of a society poised near to swap.
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Extra info for Azerbaijan - Culture Smart!: The Essential Guide to Customs & Culture
Independent Khanates After the decline of the Safavids, the territory, although still nominally under Persian sovereignty, broke up into independently ruled provinces, or khanates. Throughout the eighteenth century, Azerbaijan was torn by internal fighting between the khanates—mainly the Guba Khanate, the Sheki Khanate, the Karabakh Khanate, the Talysh Khanate, the Baku Khanate, the Ganja Khanate, the Nakhchivan Khanate, the Shirvan Khanate, the Derbent Khanate, and the Irevan Khanate. A powerful khan of Sheki named Haji Chelebi fought and declared Sheki an independent khanate, which existed until Chelebi died in 1755.
An isolated and inexperienced post-Soviet orphan in the “globalized” system of relationships, Azerbaijan was up against the sophisticated and powerful international Armenian Diaspora, especially in the United States, who were actively lobbying in favor of post-Soviet Armenia. In the years that have passed since, Azerbaijan has undertaken a rigorous effort to support a national Diaspora around the world, including Russia, the USA, and Europe, to offset the Armenian lead in the international political and information battles.
At that time, its alphabet was changed to Cyrillic. During the years of Stalin’s Great Purge in the 1930s, thousands of Azerbaijanis were exiled and executed. Much of the intellectual elite of that time perished in the Soviet Gulags. Azerbaijan’s importance to the Soviets was mainly in its hydrocarbon resources. Baku supplied oil to help prosecute the Second World War and in 1940 production reached 72 percent of all oil extracted in the territory of the USSR. In his book The Prize, about the history of the oil industry, researcher Daniel Yergin writes about Hitler’s plans to capture the Caucasus, specifically the oil fields of Baku, in 1942.
Azerbaijan - Culture Smart!: The Essential Guide to Customs & Culture by Nikki Kazimova