By Samir Kumar Khanal
Anaerobic biotechnology is an economical and sustainable technique of treating waste and wastewaters that remedy strategies with the reclamation of invaluable by-products and renewable biofuels. this implies of treating municipal, agricultural, and commercial wastes permits waste items to be switched over to value-added items akin to biofuels, biofertilizers, and different chemical substances. Anaerobic Biotechnology for Bioenergy creation: rules and functions offers the reader with uncomplicated rules of anaerobic approaches along sensible makes use of of anaerobic biotechnology thoughts. This booklet can be a worthy connection with any expert at present contemplating or operating with anaerobic biotechnology ideas.
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Additional info for Anaerobic Biotechnology for Bioenergy Production: Principles and Applications
The number in the parenthesis represents the standard deviation. ) are helpful in judging the predominance of Methanosaeta and/or Methanosarcina in the system. The half-velocity constant, yield coefficient, specific growth rate, and specific substrate utilization rate of Methanosaeta are lower than that observed with Methanosarcina. This evidently suggests that Methanosaeta outcompetes Methanosarcina at a lower substrate concentration. Low substrate concentration is usually observed in a CSTR, where Methanosaeta may predominate.
And Ursillo, P. 2006. Overview of anaerobic treatment: Thermophilic and priopionate implications. Water Environ. Res. 78(5):460–473. van Haandel, A. , and Lettinga, G. 1994. Anaerobic Sewage Treatment: A Practical Guide for Regions with a Hot Climate. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, England. Zeikus, J. G. 1981. Microbial intermediary metabolism. , 23–25. Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Anaerobic Digestion, Travemunde, Germany. Zinder, S. H. 1988. Conversion of acetic acid to methane by thermophiles.
The process may fail if one group is inhibited. 1 Fermentative Bacteria (1) This group of bacteria is responsible for the first stage of anaerobic digestion— hydrolysis and acidogenesis. The anaerobic species belonging to the family of Streptococcaceae and Enterobacteriaceae and the genera of Bacteroides, Clostridium, Butyrivibrio, Eubacterium, Bifidobacterium, and Lactobacillus are most commonly involved in this process (Novaes 1986). Bacillaceae, Lactobacillaceae and Enterobacteriaceae are all present in digesting sludge with Bacillaceae predominating (Novaes 1986).
Anaerobic Biotechnology for Bioenergy Production: Principles and Applications by Samir Kumar Khanal