By Frederick C. Beiser
Histories of German philosophy within the 19th century generally specialise in its first half--when Hegel, idealism, and Romanticism ruled. in contrast, the rest of the century, after Hegel's demise, has been really missed since it has been obvious as a interval of stagnation and decline. yet Frederick Beiser argues that the second one 1/2 the century was once in truth probably the most innovative sessions in glossy philosophy as the nature of philosophy itself was once up for grabs and the very absence of walk in the park ended in creativity and the beginning of a brand new period.
In this leading edge concise background of German philosophy from 1840 to 1900, Beiser focuses no longer on subject matters or person thinkers yet fairly at the period's 5 nice debates: the id trouble of philosophy, the materialism controversy, the tools and boundaries of background, the pessimism controversy, and the "Ignorabimusstreit." Schopenhauer and Wilhelm Dilthey play vital roles in those controversies yet so do many ignored figures, together with Ludwig Buchner, Eugen Duhring, Eduard von Hartmann, Julius Fraunstaedt, Hermann Lotze, Adolf Trendelenburg, and girls, Agnes Taubert and Olga Pluemacher, who've been thoroughly forgotten in histories of philosophy.
The result's a wide-ranging, unique, and unbelievable new account of German philosophy within the serious interval among Hegel and the 20th century."
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Extra info for After Hegel: German Philosophy, 1840-1900
They very much accepted the autonomy of the empirical sciences, and they firmly believed the sciences stood in no need of a foundation from philosophy. The purpose of philosophy was not to ground the empirical sciences but to explain their logic. ” They departed from Trendelenburg only in their greater skepticism toward metaphysics and in their greater emphasis on the epistemo logical mission of philosophy. For several reasons, the neo-Kantian conception of philosophy proved strategic and successful.
I, 5. , II, 454. 12 This tradition continued well into the 1830s in the embryological research of Johannes Müller (1801–58) and Karl Ernst von Baer (1792–1876). 13 All these thinkers pursued successfully, with rigor and vigor, a program of mechanical explanation in biology and physiology, making Tren delenburg’s defense of an organic worldview seem obsolete. The challenges for Trendelenburg grew even greater in the 1860s with the rise of Darwinism, which was vigorously advocated by Haeckel and the physicalists.
The neo-Hegelians made it their business to expose alien ation wherever it took place, so that people would cease to enslave themselves to their own creations and begin to take control over their lives. Law, state, and economy should be the self-conscious creations of human beings rather than imagined forces ruling over them. Nothing more suited the powers-that-be than alienation, which seemed to give a metaphysical sanction for church, state, and economy. Reveal the self-delusion behind that alienation, the neo-Hegelians believed, and these powers would crumble.
After Hegel: German Philosophy, 1840-1900 by Frederick C. Beiser